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An overview of the ASTM Volume 01.01 standard

The ASTM International Volume 01.01, January 2002 Steel - Piping, Tubing, Fittings - features standards for various types of steel pipes specifying requirements for high-temperature services, ordinary use, and special applications such as fire protection systems.

Specifications for steel tubes list standard requirements for boiler and superheater tubes, general service tubes, still tubes in refinery service, heat exchanger and condenser tubes, mechanical tubing, and structural tubing. Steel casting specifications call out the standard properties for valves, flanges, fittings, and other pressure containing parts for high-temperature and low-temperature services.

 

• A53/A53M-01 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated, Welded and Seamless 
• ASTM A-53B This general service carbon steel pipe is electrical resistance welded. This grade is typical Schedule 40 and 80 pipe. It is well suited for fabrication, and may be used for pressure vessels with pressure and temperature limitations.

Often used for oil, water, gas and petroleum products.

• A105/A105M-01 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Applications 
This specification covers forged carbon steel piping components for ambient- and higher-temperature service in pressure systems. Included are flanges, fittings, valves, and similar parts ordered either to dimensions specified by the purchaser or to dimensional standards such as the ASME and API specifications referenced in Section.

• A106-99e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
The specification covers seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service in NPS 1/8 to NPS 48 inclusive, with nominal (average) wall thickness as given in ANSI B 36.10. It shall be permissible to furnish pipe having other dimensions provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification. Pipe ordered under this specification shall be suitable for bending, flanging, and similar forming operations, and for welding.

• A134-96 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over) 
• A135-01 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe 
• A139-00 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over) 
• A178/A178M-95(2000) Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel and Carbon-Manganese Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes 
• A179/A179M-90a(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes 
• A181/A181M-01 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings, for General-Purpose Piping 
• A182/A182M-01 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service 
• A192/A192M-91(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service 
• A193/A193M-01a Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High-Temperature Service 
• A194/A194M-01a Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High-Pressure or High-Temperature Service, or Both 
• A209/A209M-98 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon-Molybdenum Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes 
• A210/A210M-96 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes 
The specification covers minimum-wall-thickness, seamless medium-carbon steel, boiler tubes and boiler flues, including safe ends, arch and stay tubes, and superheater tubes.

• A213/A213M-01a Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes 
• A214/A214M-96 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes 
• A234/A234M-01 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service 
• A249/A249M-01 Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes 
• A250/A250M-95(2001) Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Ferritic Alloy-Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes 
• A252-98e1 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe Piles 
• A254-97 Standard Specification for Copper-Brazed Steel Tubing 
• A268/A268M-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service 
• A269-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service 
• A270-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Sanitary Tubing 
• A312/A312M-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes 
• A320/A320M-01 Standard Specification for Alloy/Steel Bolting Materials for Low-Temperature Service 
• A333/A333M-99 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service 
• A334/A334M-99 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service 
The specification covers several grades of minimum-wall-thickness, seamless and welded, carbon and alloy-steel tubes intended for use at low temperatures. Some product sizes may not be available under this specification because heavier wall thickness have an adverse affect on low-temperature impact properties.

• A335/A335M-01 Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A350/A350M-00c Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components 
• A358/A358M-01 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A369/A369M-01 Standard Specification for Carbon and Ferritic Alloy Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A376/A376M-01 Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Central-Station Service
• A381-96 Standard Specification for Metal-Arc-Welded Steel Pipe for Use With High-Pressure Transmission Systems 
• A403/A403M-00b Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings 
• A409/A409M-01 Standard Specification for Welded Large Diameter Austenitic Steel Pipe for Corrosive or High-Temperature Service 
• A420/A420M-01 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service 
• A423/A423M-95(2000) Standard Specification for Seamless and Electric-Welded Low-Alloy Steel Tubes 
• A426-92(1997) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Ferritic Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A437/A437M-01a Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel Turbine-Type Bolting Material Specially Heat Treated for High-Temperature Service 
• A450/A450M-96a(2001) Standard Specification for General Requirements for Carbon, Ferritic Alloy, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Tubes 
• A451-93(1997) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A453/A453M-00e1 Standard Specification for High-Temperature Bolting Materials, with Expansion Coefficients Comparable to Austenitic Stainless Steels 
• A498-98 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon, Ferritic, and Austenitic Alloy Steel Heat-Exchanger Tubes with Integral Fins 
• A500-01a Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing in Rounds and Shapes 
• A501-01 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing 
• A511-96 Standard Specification for Seamless Stainless Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A512-96 Standard Specification for Cold-Drawn Buttweld Carbon Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A513-00 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon and Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A519-96 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon and Alloy Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A522/A522M-01 Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service 
• A523-96 Standard Specification for Plain End Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Pipe-Type Cable Circuits 
• A524-96 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures 
• A530/A530M-99e1 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Specialized Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe 
• A539-99 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Coiled Steel Tubing for Gas and Fuel Oil Lines 
• A540/A540M-00 Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel Bolting Materials for Special Applications 
• A554-98e1 Standard Specification for Welded Stainless Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A556/A556M-96 Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Carbon Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes 
• A587-96 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Low-Carbon Steel Pipe for the Chemical Industry 
• A589-96 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon Steel Water-Well Pipe 
• A595-98 Standard Specification for Steel Tubes, Low-Carbon, Tapered for Structural Use 
• A608-91a(1998) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Iron-Chromium-Nickel High-Alloy Tubing for Pressure Application at High Temperatures 
• A618-01 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing 
• A632-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing (Small-Diameter) for General Service 
• A660-96 Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service 
• A671-96 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures 
• A672-96 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures 
• A688/A688M-01a Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes 
• A691-98 Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures 
• A694/A694M-00 Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Pipe Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for High-Pressure Transmission Service 
• A707/A707M-00a Standard Specification for Forged Carbon and Alloy Steel Flanges for Low-Temperature Service 
• A714-99 Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe 
• A727/A727M-00 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Forgings for Piping Components with Inherent Notch Toughness 
• A733-01 Standard Specification for Welded and Seamless Carbon Steel and Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe Nipples 
• A758/A758M-00 Standard Specification for Wrought-Carbon Steel Butt-Welding Piping Fittings with Improved Notch Toughness 
• A771/A771M-95(2001) Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Core Components 
• A774/A774M-00 Standard Specification for As-Welded Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Fittings for General Corrosive Service at Low and Moderate Temperatures 
• A778-01 Standard Specification for Welded, Unannealed Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubular Products 
• A787-01 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Metallic-Coated Carbon Steel Mechanical Tubing 
• A789/A789M-01a Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service 
• A790/A790M-01 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe 
• A795-00 Standard Specification for Black and Hot-Dipped Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded and Seamless Steel Pipe for Fire Protection Use 
• A803/A803M-01 Standard Specification for Welded Ferritic Stainless Steel Feedwater Heater Tubes 
• A813/A813M-01 Standard Specification for Single- or Double-Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe 
• A814/A814M-01 Standard Specification for Cold-Worked Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe 
• A815/A815M-01a Standard Specification for Wrought Ferritic, Ferritic/Austenitic, and Martensitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings 
• A822-90(2000) Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Carbon Steel Tubing for Hydraulic System Service 
• A826/A826M-95(2001) Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Duct Tubes for Liquid Metal-Cooled Reactor Core Components 
• A836/A836M-95b(2001) Standard Specification for Titanium-Stabilized Carbon Steel Forgings for Glass-Lined Piping and Pressure Vessel Service 
• A847-99a Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded and Seamless High Strength, Low Alloy Structural Tubing with Improved Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance 
• A851-96 Standard Specification for High-Frequency Induction Welded, Unannealed, Austenitic Steel Condenser Tubes 
• A858/A858M-00 Standard Specification for Heat-Treated Carbon Steel Fittings for Low-Temperature and Corrosive Service 
• A860/A860M-00 Standard Specification for Wrought High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel Butt-Welding Fittings 
• A865-97 Standard Specification for Threaded Couplings, Steel, Black or Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Welded or Seamless, for Use in Steel Pipe Joints 
• A872-91(1997) Standard Specification for Centrifugally Cast Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe for Corrosive Environments 
• A908-91(1998) Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Needle Tubing 
• A928/A928M-00 Standard Specification for Ferritic/Austenitic (Duplex) Stainless Steel Pipe Electric Fusion Welded with Addition of Filler Metal 
• A941-01 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys 
• A943/A943M-01 Standard Specification for Spray-Formed Seamless Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes 
• A949/A949M-01 Standard Specification for Spray-Formed Seamless Ferritic/Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipe 
• A953-96 Standard Specification for Austenitic Chromium-Nickel-Silicon Alloy Steel Seamless and Welded Tubing 
• A954-96 Standard Specification for Austenitic Chromium-Nickel-Silicon Alloy Steel Seamless and Welded Pipe 
• A959-00a Standard Guide for Specifying Harmonized Standard Grade Compositions for Wrought Stainless Steels 
• A960-00 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Wrought Steel Piping Fittings 
• A961-01 Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Steel Flanges, Forged Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Piping Applications 
• A962/A962M-01a Standard Specification for Common Requirements for Steel Fasteners or Fastener Materials, or Both, Intended for Use at Any Temperature from Cryogenic to the Creep Range 
• A972/A972M-00 Standard Specification for Fusion Bonded Epoxy-Coated Pipe Piles 
• A984/A984M-00 Standard Specification for Steel Line Pipe, Black, Plain-End, Electric-Resistance-Welded 
• A988-98 Standard Specification for Hot Isostatically-Pressed Stainless Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for High Temperature Service 
• A989-98 Standard Specification for Hot Isostatically-Pressed Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for High Temperature Service 
• A994-98 Standard Guide for Editorial Procedures and Form of Product Specifications for Steel, Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys 
• A999/A999M-01 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe 
• A1005/A1005M-00e1 Standard Specification for Steel Line Pipe, Black, Plain End, Longitudinal and Helical Seam, Double Submerged-Arc Welded 
• A1006/A1006M-00 Standard Specification for Steel Line Pipe, Black, Plain End, Laser Beam Welded 
• A1012-00 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic, Austenitic and Duplex Alloy Steel Condenser and Heat Exchanger Tubes With Integral Fins 
• A1014-00 Standard Specification for Precipitation-Hardening Bolting Material (UNS N07718) for High Temperature Service 
• A1015-01 Standard Guide for Videoborescoping of Tubular Products for Sanitary Applications 
• A1016/A1016M-01 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes 
• A1020/A1020M-01 Standard Specification for Steel Tubes, Carbon and Carbon Manganese, Fusion Welded, for Boiler, Superheater, Heat Exchanger and Condenser Applications 
• E527-83(1997)e1 Standard Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS) 

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